Arms of the Kingdom of An Tir
The Heralds' Page
Newsletter of the College of Heralds of An Tir

Volume 1, Number 10 ~ March 26, 2003

Badge of the SCA College of Heralds

An Tir Kingdom Heraldic Symposium
April 12, 2003    Columbia Arts Center
Barony of Stromgard (Vancouver, Washington)  {event copy}

Table of Contents:

Arms of HL Morael Black Stag Greetings Unto the An Tir College of Heralds from Moræl Black Stag:

The Heraldic Symposium is near at hand.  There are spaces, and therefore opportunities, yet available in the wonderful classes offered this year.  If you are interested in attending, and have not yet pre-registered, please do so as soon as you are able. 
For the sake of good organization – helpful to both you and the volunteers at gate – I will not be accepting registrations after April 6.  So please check out the schedule, either in the February Heralds' Page or at, choose your classes and contact me!  I can be reached via email at, or by phone at 250-923-9102 before 9:00 p.m.      

I look forward to hearing from you, but mostly I look forward to seeing you next month at the ATKHS!

Yours In Service,
Morel Black Stag
Argent, a bear's jambe and in chief three blackberries sable hulled vert 

Arms of Thegn Uilleam Lowenmahne Greetings from Uilleam Lowenmahne!

Good gentles one and all, we are coming up again on May Crown. That being so, there is a pressing need for gentles who are willing to serve the Crown as voice heralds, on the eric and/or in the encampment.
If you are a voice herald and would like to volunteer your services, or would like to try voice heraldry, please respond by email to me <> and cc to Ciaran Cluana Ferta <> and Fina MacGrioghaire <>, who will be acting in my stead as I will not be able to attend.
I would really, really, really like to see a sufficient number of heralds that any one person need only do heralding for one or two rounds  of combat, or one or two town crier runs. Of course, anyone who *wants* to do more is more than welcome to do so... :-D

In your reply, please state:

If you like, you may also add:
Thank you in advance to those who volunteer their time and energy; you are greatly valued!

Yours aye,   
Uilliam Lowenmahne

Arms of Maister Iago ap Adam   Some Heraldic Document Texts on the Web

by Maister Iago ab Adam, Pursuivant at Large

Here are a few web pages I found while preparing a class recently.  I thought people might find them useful when trying to create original wording for scrolls, as well as for the heraldic information contained within.  I have organized them by date.

A grant of arms to Thomas Cathorne.

A grant of arms to Henry Stanley.

A confirmation of arms for Richard Shee.

A confirmation of arms for Nicholas Fiske.

A grant of arms to Newfoundland.

13th Century Heraldry Quiz answers from last month
1) c.
4) d.
7) c.
2) c.
5) a.
8) d.
3) b.
6) d.

Calling All Heralds Or Anyone Else Interested In Heraldry -
 Kingdom Heraldic Symposium

Event copy from Symposium Autocrat Madonna Contessa Ilaria

The Kingdom Heraldic Symposium is coming soon!  April 12-13 in beautiful Stromgard, (Vancouver Washington)
Site fee is a mere $5.00 for members $8.00 for non-members.
We are pleased to be offering classes in all areas of heraldry - voice, name and device.  As well, the Symposium will include classes in the scribal arts, heraldic arts and areas of specific heraldic interest.  A webpage containing updated information is available at:
Classes are scheduled Saturday from 9:00 am until 6:00 pm, with lunch from 1:00 to 2:00. There will be a coffee service with some snacks available for donations. A simple lunch will be available onsite and there are numerous restaurants and a brewpub within easy walking distance.  Other fun activities are planned, including an Heraldic Bingo game, a heraldry consult table, meetings and general get-togethers.
There is a feast planned for Saturday night.  You need not sign up for any classes to attend, though the site fee will apply. Stromgard will provide the main meat dish. This is an assigned potluck.  Recommended recipes and the basic menu are available at, If you are coming from under 100 miles bring a main or side dish, if under 200 miles bring a cold vegetable or fruit. Anything over 200 miles bring bread and butter or cheese.  Bring enough for a minimum of 10 servings per person in your party, or one recipe's worth.  Alternately you can provide $3.00 per person and we will take care of it.  If you decide to bring us money instead of the potluck contribution, we will need to know on Saturday morning (April 12) before 11am.
Site:  Columbia Arts Center  -  400 W. Evergreen Blvd, Vancouver WA
There is plenty of on street parking, some with meters and some without.  There is also a small lot on the western side of the building. This site is close to Greyhound, city buses and Amtrak.  Portland International Airport is less than 10 miles away.  There are several hotels within easy reach of the site and crash space is available.
Directions:  I-5 north or south to Vancouver WA.  Take the Mill Plain West exit.  Travel west on Mill Plain to Columbia Blvd.  Turn left.  Travel south on Columbia to Evergreen Blvd.  Turn Right.  Site will be on your right in a couple blocks.
Herald in charge:  Morel Black Stag Herald  (Annie Zupanic)
Autocrat Team:
Overall autocrat: Madonna Contessa Ilaria Veltri degli Ansari (Lynda Fjellman) 360-247-5980 home, 360-608-4364 cell
Assistant autocrat:  Lady Ninian of Warwick  (Tracey Cross)

Here is a listing of hotels in the vicinity, for those who would like them.  Crash space is also available call or email either autocrat for more info.
Hotel/Motel Accommodation  (walking distance)
*  Red Lion Hotel at the Quay Downtown Vancouver  -  100 Columbia Blvd.  -  Tele: 360-694-8341
*  Shilo Inns: Downtown Vancouver  (2nd closest)  -  401 E 13th Street  -  Tele: 360-696-041 I/or 800-222-2244
*  Hazel Dell, Vancouver off 1-5  -  13206 Hwy 99  -  Tele: 360-573-051 I/or 800-222-2244
*  Riverside Motel Vancouver  -  4400 Columbia House Blvd.  -  Tele: 360-693-3677
*  Salmon Creek Motel  -  11901 NE Hwy 99  -  Tele: 360-573-0751
*  Best Inn & Suites Vancouver  -  7001 NE Hwy 99  -  Tele: 360-696-0516
*  DoubleTree Hotels Portland/ Jantzen Beach (Across the river)  -  909 N Hayden Drive  - 
   Vancouver Tele: 360-892-7684   DoubleTree Reservations line  -  1-800-222-8733
Sunday Meeting Schedule (all meetings will be at the Columbia Arts Center)
10:00 am - Black Lion Meeting
11:00 am - Wreath Sovereign of Arms road show
12:30 am - Lions Blood Meeting

Arms of HL Morael Black Stag Debunking the Heraldic Myth
Muirgheal inghean Labhrain (aka Morel Black Stag)

It has been a very prolific and creative month for Heraldic Myths!   Each of these perceived problems were actually brought to me by would-be submitters over the past few weeks.  The people involved were all willing to have their myths debunked in this newsletter.

Myth #1:  I want a cross but I can't have one because it looks like marshalling.  As you probably know, devices that give the appearance of marshalling are prohibited.  To quote a small part of the Rules for Submission 11.3 -
"Period marshalling combined two or more separate designs to indicate descent from noble parents and claim to inheritance. Since members of the Society are all required to earn their status on their own merits, apparent claims to inherited status are presumptuous. Divisions commonly used for marshalling, such as quarterly or per pale, may only be used in contexts that ensure marshalling is not suggested.". 
A cross, however, is a charge, not a field division.  It in no way resembles a field division.  There are restricted crosses, but they are few.  These include a red cross on white, a flaming cross, Papal cross, and the swastika.

Myth #2:  I wanted a beehive but was told I can't have one because they are just for beekeepers.  Really?  There are many restricted and reserved charges, but a beehive is not among them.  In fact I could not find any charges restricted simply for the reason that one must have an associated occupation.  For more on restricted and reserved charges, visit the Glossary of Terms page at

Myth #3.  Until I have my Award of Arms, someone who already has their AA can take my device, even if it is registered already.  Ouch.  The very purpose of registering your device is to protect it from designs that are exactly like it or too similar in appearance.  You may choose to grant permission to conflict to someone that desires a design close to yours if you so wish.  You may choose to release your device, thus leaving it free for another to use.  But these choices are yours alone to make.

Submit!  Submit!

That is a cry I usually reserve for those with unregistered names and devices.  But, this time I'm directing it at you!  There are so many of you who have a great deal of heraldic knowledge just itching to be shared.  Share it with us!  We are in need of articles and original artwork for upcoming editions of the Heralds' Page.  How long does it take to write a short article?  How about to compose a letter addressing a common problem you see and would like corrected?  Not long!  And yet, once it is published, its effects are lasting.  Think about it.

Have you heard any heraldic myths lately that you would like to publicly debunk?  Do you have need of heraldic help at an upcoming event?  Heraldic doodles that you would like to share?  How about bits of heraldic humor or games?

Please remember that this is your newsletter, and it needs you to be at its best.  Submit!  Send articles, letters or artwork to or mail them to Annie Zupanic  71 Surfside Drive, Campbell River, BC, Canada V9H 1H7.  As I don't have a scanner, artwork is best sent directly to Teceangl Lion's Blood at the address in the Internal Letter header or via an attachment.  I look very forward to hearing from you.


Badge of the Right Noble Order of the Goutte de Sang CONGRATULATIONS!

Congratulations to Morel Black Stag, who at Daffodil Feast & Tournament in the Barony of Seagirt was awarded Arms by Their Majesties Davin and Groa, King and Queen of An Tir.

Congratulations to Morel Black Stag, who at Daffodil Feast & Tournament in the Barony of Seagirt was entered into the Order of the Goutte de Sang by Their Majesties Davin and Groa, TRMs of An Tir.

Teceangl Bach
March 26, 2003
Send thy comments here:
Brenda Klein
5235 SE Lambert St #A-5
Portland, OR 97206-9068

Commentary on this Letter will be due May 16th, 2003.
(Send comments to Lions Blood Herald, information at top of this letter)

The April Lions Blood meeting will be held on Sunday, April 13th, 1pm, at the Columbia Arts Center, 400 W. Evergreen Blvd, Vancouver WA. This is the Kingdom Heraldic Symposium site.  Directions are in event copy above.

The May Lions Blood meeting will be held Sunday, May 18th, 1pm, in Fire Mountain Keep.
The June Lions Blood meeting will be held Sunday, June 8th, 1pm, in Aquaterra.

 Arms of Teceangl Lions Blood

Greetings from Teceangl Lions Blood!

Submission of names and devices can be one of the most personal things a member of the SCA ever does.  Due to that, submitters sometimes have difficulty separating fact from emotional response when it comes to returns.  If you are a branch herald or a consulting herald, please read the copy of the official return letter from Lions Blood when working with a client on a resubmission.  Unfortunately, some submitters tend to jumble information.  I have had panicky telephone calls from people who believed their names and devices were both returned when the letter had actually begun, "It is my pleasure to inform you that the Laurel Sovereign of Arms registered your name...".  I have heard people claim their returns were for conflict when the actual return was for fatal style problems easily remedied by a redrawing.  And submitters are often unclear on which level their return came from, kingdom or Laurel.  Additionally, they sometimes misunderstand that their name was sent to Laurel but their device had to be returned from kingdom.
    Our best method of helping submitters is for the herald involved to read the letter from Lions Blood and assist the client in understanding what it says.  If you are working with someone and would like a copy of their return letters (for my tenure of Lions Blood Herald, all official results letters to clients are considered heraldic record and will be shared with consulting and branch heralds as needed and upon request - I do not presume to speak for any other Lions Blood Herald past or future on this matter) just contact me and ask for one.  I will be glad to supply correspondence copies and interpretations as needed.  I consider consulting heralds heraldic interpreters and personal aides to submitters.
    And finally, please encourage submitters to resubmit quickly.  A simple redrawing or a small name change should be put back into the submissions process as quickly as possible in order to save the submitter time and money.  The quicker the resubmission comes in, the faster the submission goes to Laurel for registration.


Remember, read the entire IL entry in order to get all pertinent information, including blazon clarification.  Recent commentary suggests that commenters are not checking for blazon information in the IL entry text.

From the Cover Letter to the LoAR of October 2002:
From Laurel: Clarification of the Grandfather Clause

This month we had several submissions that wished to use the "Grandfather Clause" when submitting a new name. From these submissions it is evident there is confusion about what the clause is and how to use it.

The "Grandfather Clause" refers to section II.5 of the Rules for Submission. For the full text I refer you to the Rules for
Submission. In 1995 the clause was extended to include immediate family in the precedent:
[W]e allow the original submitter to register further instances of the problematic element provided that they introduce no new violations of the rules; and secondly, we extend the allowance to the original submitter's nearest kin. [Roxanne Blackfeather, East-R, LoAR December 1995, p. 20]
The clause also allows for family to use the same name element. I know that many consider some relationships inside the SCA to be family, but in this context, "nearest kin" is real-world family only.

Support for use of the "Grandfather Clause" by family members must be included with the submission. Such support may be a letter signed by the family member with the original registration indicating the family relations, or it may be other documentation such as a birth certificate.

From the Cover Letter to the LoAR for December 2002:
From Wreath: Brown Humans

Thanks to the members of the College who provided commentary and research on this issue. Thanks especially to Bruce Draconarius of Mistholme: we hope his extensive research on this topic will grace some future Symposium proceedings.

Here follow the SCA's standard depictions, attributes, and proper colorations for some of the different varieties of people found in period heraldry. The following definitions should allow the SCA to recreate all the varieties of people found in period emblazons, using the most common blazon term for each of these varieties of people.

The proper tincture for varieties of people not described below continues to be Caucasian proper, with hair color specified in the blazon.
The Turk: The Turk is drawn with a large mustache. By default he is bare-headed with a distinctive hairstyle (shaven head except for a topknot). If the Turk is vested of a turban it must be explicitly blazoned. When proper, he is Caucasian with dark hair.

The Moor and the Blackamoor: The terms Moor and Blackamoor will both be used to blazon the same sort of human. He has Negro features, and is clean-shaven with short curly/nappy hair. If the Moor or Blackamoor wears headgear, such as a torse, it must be explicitly blazoned. When proper he is dark brown, a tincture which classifies as a color (rather than a metal), and his hair is black.

The Saracen: The Saracen has Semitic features, and is bearded by default. His hair, when visible, is long and wavy. He is depicted with headgear; usually this is a turban, but sometimes it is a torse or a crown. The type and tincture of the headgear must be explicitly blazoned.

Saracens in period heraldry may be found in two different proper colorations. Saracens may be tinctured in a light shade, roughly that of a suntanned Caucasian. This shade classifies as a metal for purposes of contrast. Saracens may also be tinctured in the same way as the Moor or Blackamoor, dark brown with black hair. The light proper tincture appears to be more common in period heraldry and also matches the defining SCA Saracen's head in the 1978 registration of Athelas of the Knife, reblazoned in the West section of this LoAR. Thus, a default Saracen proper is a light tincture, the tincture of a tanned Caucasian, and is considered heraldically equivalent to a standard Caucasian tincture (although as an artistic note, the period rolls using both standard Caucasians proper and Saracens proper generally draw the Saracens proper slightly darker than the Caucasians proper).

The SCA has not yet received a submission using the dark brown version of a Saracen proper. This sort of Saracen proper would need to be distinguished in blazon from the default Saracen proper for reasons of contrast and reproducibility of emblazon. Some commenters suggested that we might blazon such a charge as a brown Saracen proper. This is not a mellifluous blazon, but it has the virtue of clarity. The final decision on what to term such a charge may be deferred until we receive a submission with such a charge.
From Wreath: Crowned Animal's Heads and Crowned Animals
The College was generally in agreement that the addition or deletion of a crown from the head of a (whole) animal should not be worth difference. Some period evidence was presented suggesting that, in armory using a crowned animal, the crown was at times dropped from the emblazon. Such an easily deletable artist's distinction should not be considered to be worth difference.

The College was not able to find period evidence about whether crowned animal's heads could have the crown added or deleted by artistic license. Some commenters suggested that perhaps crowns on animal's heads should be considered analogous to collars on animal's heads. Current precedent gives a CD for collaring an animal's head (as if the collar were a tertiary charge) but does not give a CD for adding a collar to a whole animal. However, these two designs are not truly analogous. A collar on an animal's head does indeed function as a tertiary charge and thus must have good contrast with the head on which it lies. This good contrast enhances the collar's visual prominence. However, a crown on an animal's head does not generally have such good contrast. The crown generally either has poor contrast with the field or with the animal's head. In addition, a crown may be further obscured by some artistic details of the head on which it lies, such as ruffled eagle's feathers or a lion's mane.

Without period evidence to the contrary, and because of the contrast problems inherent in the design of a crown on an animal's head, it does not seem appropriate to give difference for adding a crown to a charge consisting only of an animal's head.

An Tir results from the LoAR dated December 2002 (see the LoAR for full text):
(typos might exist - only the LoAR itself is definitive; other than name, action and blazon, listings are paraphrased or abridged) 

Aíbinn ingen Shenáin hui Néill
Brighid of Garnsey
Name and device. Azure, five crescents in pale argent between two pallets Or.
Catríona nic Theàrlaigh
Badge. (Fieldless) A bee statant proper.
Davin Steingrimsson
Ealasaid inghean uí Dhomhnaill
Name change from holding name Ealasaid of Madrone.
Geoffrey Fitz Henrie
Name and device. Per chevron throughout sable and gules, a kraken and in chief two broad arrows inverted argent.
Gregorio Cristovalez de la Vega
Jannet Fletcher
Name and device. Sable, in pale a moon in her plenitude and two arrows inverted in saltire all between two pallets argent.
Nadezhda Toranova
Badge. (Fieldless) A feather per pale Or and sable.
Wenyeva atte grene
William Fletcher
Name and device. Argent, in pale a sun in his splendor gules and two arrows inverted in saltire sable flighted all between two pallets vert.

RETURNED (text paraphrased, see the LoAR for definitive information):
Hans Dürrmast von der Wanderlust
Badge. (Fieldless) A mullet of five greater and five lesser points within and conjoined to an annulet argent.
Conflict with Alexandre sur la Mer, Azure, a compass rose argent. There's one CD for fieldlessness. Precedent holds that a compass star within an annulet has no difference from a compass rose: "There is no difference given between a compass rose and a compass star within an annulet" (LoAR June 2000). No difference is given between mullets of six or more points, so this submission's mullet of five greater and five lesser points within an annulet is heraldically equivalent to a compass star within an annulet.


The following people were present at the January Lions Blood meeting or sent commentary: Marya Stepanova Kargashina, Meadhbha Dragon's Mist, Ciaran Goutte de Sang, Eglentyne Æstel, Teceangl Lions Blood, Beatrice Domenici della Campana, Earc Mountain Edge, David Electrum, Rhonwen of Wynterborne, Gwenllian Catharne, Juliana Siren, Francesca Dragon's Mist, Brighid Cold Keep, Elisabeth de Rossignol, Iago ab Adam, Rogez du Pont, Knute, Li Ban Tir Righ, Tadgg h-úa Faelan of Clan MacNessa, Emma Randall, John Kane of Kent, and Aranhwy merch Catmael.

The following names and armory have been sent to Laurel (January LoI) --

Cordelia Talbot - change from
Elianor Talbot of Wynchestre

Name Change, New

Elaine Madeline de Parfondeval

Device, New
Argent, an ivy vine in orle gules.

Gawain Ivarsson

Name and Device, New
Per pale sable and Or, two pegasi combatant counterchanged.
Issues of marshalling were raised, but this device specifically avoids the appearance of marshalling via RfS XI.3.a. by using identical charges over the entire field.  Orientation is not a bar to two charges being identical, and in fact two charges on a shield often respected one another.

Jessimond of Greencrosse

Name, New

Katla in Rauðhára - change from
Reginleif  in Rauðhára

Name Change, New

Laurin of Rosewood

Badge, New
(Fieldless) On a rose argent barbed vert a cat sejant affronty sable.

Megge Gwyneth

Name and Device, New
Purpure, on a bend sinister wavy Or a triquetra palewise inverted sable.
The submitter does not accept minor changes, cares most about sound, and desires a female name. She will allow a holding name.  Although changes are restricted, the submitter specifically allows the forename to be changed to the dated form Megge if necessary.  Since the An Tir College could not find documentation for Meg, this change was made at kingdom.
Charges on a bend follow the line of the bend as though it were a pale tipped over.  Therefore, as the triquetra was not aligned with the bend but actually pointed at the base of the shield, it needed to be blazoned as palewise and inverted.

Olcan MacMeanma

Device, New
Gules, on a bend sable fimbriated between two wolves rampant an axe argent.

Treasa of Rosewood

Name, New

Violante de Myranda

Name and Device, New
Per pale argent and purpure three crescents counterchanged.

The following have been RETURNED for further work:

Aldith Gyffin

Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom
Argent, a berry plant eradicated purpure within a bordure wavy sable semy of mullets argent.
The berry plant was not identifiable as rendered.  Barring period evidence of a berry plant blasted, eradicated and fructed, it cannot be considered an acceptable charge due to its inherent unidentifiability.

Emily Mulvany

Name and Device, New
Per pale sable and gules two chalices and bordure Or.
The spelling Emily was not documentable to period; the closest documentable spelling was Emelye. As the submitter only allowed minor changes, this name had to be returned for further work.   No problems were found with the armory.

Jessimond of Greencrosse

Device, New
Or on a cross vert, a hawks leg belled and jessed Or
The cross was too large.  The device was returned for redrawing.

Magdelena Kress

Name and Device, New
Counter-ermine, a sun Or eclipsed counter-ermine and on a chief Or three fleurs-de-lis sable.
All documentation from the submitter and that the College could find supported the spelling Magdalena, while no documentation could be found for the submitted spelling.  As the submitter allowed no changes, the name had to be returned.  No problems were found with the armory.


1. Ambergard, Shire of

Badge, New

Gules within a bordure or, a stalk of wheat.

The branch name was registered in September of 1995. This is intended as a populace badge; a note from the seneschal is included. The wheat is Or.

2. Bagsecg of Aquaterra
    for Baseke von Basel
Name, Resubmission to Laurel
The submitter accepts any changes, and desires a German name. The original name submission of Basecg von Basel was returned from Laurel in September of 2002 for lack of documentation for the forename as the submitter used Anne Savage's The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, which is a modern translation that does not preserve the period name spellings.
The entire name is cited from Lion's Blood's letter of return dated Dec 20, 2002, which is a direct quote from the LoAR of September 2002 quoting Hund Herald: "Bahlow under Bäsecke has Beseke (=Basilius) von der gartow from 1342 another 14th century citation of which is Baseke, Brechenmacher also has "von Basel" as submitted from 1360, thus a fully documented German 14th century name would be Baseke von Basel."  Laurel stated that the form suggested by Hund would be registerable.

3. Bronwen Elgars
Device, New

Ermine, on a pile inverted cotised sable, a goutte d'or.

The submitter 's name was registered in October of 1996.

4. Ceridwen Maelwedd for
     Mything Lynx

Cold Keep
Household Name, New
Badge, Resubmission to Kingdom

Gules, a winged lynx rampant winged and maintaining a chain or and in chief a padlock argent.

The submitter cares most about meaning and desires a household name. The submitter's primary name was registered in January of 1995.
No documentation is submitted for the household name.
The previous badge submission, Gules a lynx rampant guardant argent winged Or and in chief a heart argent within an annulet of chain fracted to base Or, was returned from kingdom in July 2002 because the heart was too black to be argent and the chain was too close to the closed loop of chain reserved for members of the Chivalry. 

5. Cerridwen yr Iachawr
Name and Device, New

Per Chevron, azure and or incresent moons or a raven sable.

The submitter accepts changes, cares most about meaning, inferred to be 'Cerridwen the healer', and language/culture, and desires a feminine name authentic for 850 Welsh.  Submitter will accept a holding name.
Cerridwen was affirmed SCA compatible in this spelling on the LoAR of November 2000.
yr is cited from H.Meurig Evans, Welsh-English/English-Welsh Dictionary, as 'the'.  Copies included.
Iachawr is cited from ; 'healer-(n.) iachawr (iachawyr, m.)  No photocopies of the webpage are included.
Occupational bynames in the general sense are attested in Tangwystl verch Morgant Glasvryn, The First Thousand Years of British Names, . Photocopies are included.
The increscent moons are Or, the raven is sable.  A posture is needed.

6. Esclarmonde de Porcairages
Badge, New

Purpure, a snail Or

The submitter's name was registered in June of 2001.  Lions Blood believes this to be a cant.

 7. Gabriele Silverhand
Name and Device, New

Per Pale gules and vert, a hand argent and a chief argent.

The submitter accepts minor changes, cares most about sound, and desires a female name.  Submitter will accept a holding name.
Gabriele is cited from Academy of Saint Gabriel report number 2491,with photocopies provided, online at, "In Italy and France, the first evidence of that we see of <Gabrielle> and other forms is in the 16th century."  The report further states that the feminine forms of Gabriel are a rather late development.  Academy of Saint Gabriel report number 448,, states that the use of masculine names by females was not uncommon in England in the 14th and 16th centuries.
Submitter says she has "added an "E" to feminize the masculine version of Gabriel".
Silverhand is not directly documented, however the Academy report number 448 shows the documented period byname Silverlok 'silver top'.  Reference for the byname is from Bardsley.  Copies of this report are included.

8. Hánefr Ragnarrsson
Name and Device, New

Quarterly, Pean and Or, a wolf rampant, Gules, a border quarterly Or and Pean.

The submitter accepts changes, cares most about language/culture, and desires a male name authentic to Norse/Viking. Submitter will accept a holding name.
Hánefr is cited from Geirr Bassi Haraldson, The Old Norse Name, pg. 11.
Ragnarrsson is cited from Geirr Bassi Haraldson, The Old Norse Name, pg. 14.
No further information is given from the source.

9. Isrið in glaða
Badge, New

(Fieldless) A fox sable mullety or, courant bend sinisterwise.

The submitter's name was registered in September of 2002.

10. Kára Bjornsdottir
Name and Device, New

Per pale sable + purpure centered a swan displayed argent + beaked between three roses proper argent, two and one.

The submitter accepts changes, cares most about language/culture, and desires a female name authentic for Norse/Viking.  Submitter will accept a holding name.
Kára is cited from Geirr Bassi Haraldson, The Old Norse Name,  pg. 12.
Bjornsdottir is cited from Geirr Bassi Haraldson, The Old Norse Name,  pg. 8.
No further information is given from the source.
The roses are argent barbed vert.

11. Lasairiona inghean Uilliam na Seoltadh
Lions Gate
Name and Device,
Resubmission to Kingdom

Per bend sinister argent and azure, two lizards in annulo counterchanged vert and Or within a bordure per bend sinister azure and argent.

The submitter accepts changes, cares most about language/culture, and desires a female name authentic to 1600's Irish.  The submitter will accept a holding name. The previous name, Lasairiona van den Ecke, was returned from Kingdom in July of 2002 for language incompatibility, being half Gaelic and half Dutch or Flemish.
The previous device, Per pale vert and purpure, a rapier between a lizard tergiant embowed and inverted argent and another tergiant embowed Or, was returned from Kingdom in July of 2002 for identifiability and arrangement issues, which this redraw addresses.
Lasairfhíona is cited from ;  placing its use between 1201-1300 and 1351-1550.
Additionally, Academy of Saint Gabriel report #2594, written for the submitter, is included.  It says, "<Lasairiona> is a modern spelling of a name more commonly spelled <Lasairfhi/ona> in your period."  The letter indicates that her requested period was 1550 and 1650.
Her previous submission documented the forename from Saint Gabriel Report 1176 which says Lasairíona, also spelled Lasairfhíona, is a later-period spelling of the Irish name Lassar Fhína.  The name was "quite popular in the later Middle Ages", where the Academy cites Ó Corraín & Maguire for this information.  The report states that the spelling Lasairíona is used in modern times, but they do not know if it was used before 1600.  The report then suggests a patronymic byname in order to make the name authentic for typical Irish in the Middle Ages.  Also included is a copy of Mari Elspeth nic Bryan's article "Index of Names in Irish Annals" from the Academy of Saint Gabriel website at, which shows eight women with the name Lasairíona in the Annals dating from 1239 to 1527.  The entry contains a caveat that the Annals were written from 1632 to 1636 and did not preserve the original spellings of the names contained therein.
Uilliam is cited from Academy of St. Gabriel Report # 2594, written for the submitter, which says, "<Lasairfhi/ona inghean Uilliam na Seoltadh>, "Lasairfhi/ona daughter of Uilliam of the sails," is a fine name for your period."
na Seoltadh is additionally cited from "Index of Names in Irish Annals: Masculine Descriptive Bynames" by Mari Elspeth nic Bryan, at, which says it means "(of the) Sails", and is found in 1568.
Copies of all articles and Academy correspondence have been included.  The / in a name in Academy letters indicates an accent over the preceding letter.  This indicates that Lasairfhíona is the recommended spelling.

12. Maírghréad inghean Fhaoláin
Blatha an Oir
Badge, Appeal to Laurel

(Fieldless) A compass star per pale azure and argent.

Submitter's name was registered in November of 2002.  At that time this badge was returned by Laurel erroneously.  The submitter has allowed Lions Blood to appeal the return; the text of the return letter follows.
Unto François Laurel, Zenobia Wreath, and the members of the College of Arms, greetings from Lady Teceangl Bach, Lions Blood Herald.

This letter is to appeal the return of the submitted badge of Máirghréad inghean Fhaoláin, blazoned (Fieldless) A compass star per pale azure and argent, which was returned for conflict on the LoAR dated November 2002. 

The text of the badge return reads thusly:
Conflict with Eric Blaxton, Quarterly argent, scaly sable, and azure, a mullet of four points counterchanged azure and argent. There is a CD for changes to the field but there is no type difference between a compass star and a mullet of four points: "As neither a compass star nor a mullet of four points are period charges, and they differ only by the addition of the lesser points, there is not a CD between a mullet of four points and a compass star" (LoAR January 2001).
This return was in error because there is one CD between Eric's and Máirghréad's armory by RfS X.4.a.iii. for fieldlessness and another by X.4.d. which states, "Changing the tinctures or division of any group of charges placed directly on the field, including strewn charges or charges overall, is one clear difference."

Respectfully submitted on behalf of my client Máirghréad inghean Fhaoláin,
Lady Teceangl Bach
Lions Blood Herald in the kingdom of An Tir
On matters of appeal, the An Tir College is requested to comment on whether they support or do not support the appeal and for what reasons, which information will then be forwarded on to Laurel to aid in his decision.

13. Marguerite de Moseleia
Three Mountains
Device, Resubmission to Kingdom

Or, a rampant lion gules, 3 sable arrows dexter, on sable chief 3 or crosses.

The submitter's name registered May 2002.  Previously submitted device, Azure, a natural dolphin haurient argent, was returned from Kingdom in February 2002 for conflict.  This is a total redesign
The field is Or, the lion gules, the arrows and chief sable, and the crosses Or.  Reblazons are appreciated.  The shield on the submission form is, indeed, distorted, but not beyond Administrative Handbook guidelines for shield size on submission forms.  Lions Blood reminds heralds to be careful when copying forms so as to not distort the shield nor cut off any of the text or checkboxes.  Missing information on forms is grounds for return.

14. Marya Kargashina
Three Mountains
Device, Resubmission to Kingdom

Argent, goutty purpure a raven's head erased sable.

The submitter's name appears on the March 2002 An Tir LoI (Stepanova having been dropped at the submitter's request). The submitter's device was returned from Kingdom in March 2002 for improper erasing, which this redraw corrects.

15. Merouda Tremayne
Badge, New

(Fieldless) A quatrefoil Or.

The submitter's name was registered in November of 2002.

16. Ruaidhri Lamgel
Device, New

Per pale gules and vert, a gauntlet argent and a chief argent.

The submitter's name appears on the December 2002 An Tir LoI.

17. Sigismund Schmidt
Name and Device, New

Lozengy argent and azure, a hound passant regardant and a chief sable.

The submitter accepts minor changes, cares most about language/culture, and desires a male name.
Sigismund is cited from Talan Gwynek, "Medieval German Given Names from Silesia", found online at , with this spelling dated c. 1400, 1412, and 1451.
Schmidt is cited from Bahlow, Hans, Deutsches Namenlexicon, pg. 451, sub. Schmidt.  The translation by Edda Gentry reads, "...the esteem in which the smith's craft has been held from the earliest timesit was regarded as being of divine originis attested, for example, by the Wieland legend. It is reported of Geiserich, King of the Vandals, that he elevated a skilled smith to the rank of count. The many subdivisions of the smiths' guild in the Middle Ages are, reflected in the FNs compounded with -schmidt."  FN being an abbreviation of forename.    The same source (Gentry trans.) s.n. Helmschmied, dates Helmsmid to 1338.  s.n. Schellschmidt dates schellensmid to 1386.  Smith appears as an independent byname in England as early as 975.

In service to An Tir,

Written by:
Marya Stepanova Kargashina

Arms of HL Anthony Hawke HTML by:
Anthony, Lord Hawke

c/o Michael Dowd

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